Last week, I presented to my colleagues in #EDUC90970 on the Pedagogy-Andragogy-Heutagogy continuum (the image links to the presentation).
In a poll of the class, 50% said that they used pedagogy in their teaching, and an equal 25% andragogy and heutagogy (12 responses total). Overwhelmingly, the barrier to heutagogy was thought to be student willingness or preparedness to be able to cope with this approach (Figure 1).
However, one way in which heutagogy has been successfully applied in higher education is through social networking (e.g., Twitter, Facebook). Students are already very well versed in using this socially, and therefore the jump is not necessarily as large when using these familiar platforms. Indeed, Twitter is increasingly used among researchers to increase exposure and informal connections and discussions (Lee, 2019). However, it is not broadly used in undergraduate teaching. I found two excellent examples of using social media – one for Twitter and Facebook. The example using Facebook by Eachempati et al. (2017), I found particularly interesting. The authors used closed Facebook groups for discussions between groups within the class, and the entire class together. Groups were given clinical problems, and the students in week 1 formulated the learning objectives and topics that needed to be learnt to solve the case. These were then peer-reviewed via the class group. In the second week the students gathered the information needed, and presented their treatment plan to the class discussion group. This was then repeated a second time, followed by reflection on the learning process.
I considered that these type of group discussions could easily be done in Canvas, which is the learning management system the students already use. However, I think a key difference is that these discussion boards are set up by the teacher, whereas the students have ownership and responsibility over the groups in Facebook. This independence increased the confidence of students in their own learning ability (Eachempati et al. 2017).